Cannor is proud to sell trees that are grown in Chilliwack that thrive in our Zone 3-4 climate. We have a helpful set of instructions for transplanting, watering, and winter care of your trees that will help promote strong rooting and long-term health of your trees.
1. Make sure the site you have prepared is appropriate for the type of tree you are planting. Consider soils to support growth, such as a soil mix with compost and shredded bark mulch, sunlight, prevailing winds, mature size of the tree, and water requirements.
2. Dig hole, after checking for utilities, at least three times wider than the diameter of the basket.
3. Set the base of the basket on undisturbed soil. The flare at the base of the tree trunk should be visible above ground once the tree is in the hole. Adjust if needed. You do not want your tree to sink in the hole. If needed, use something firm below the basket.
4. Backfill with the original soil mixed with the bark mix noted above. Fill 1/4 of the hole and tamp gently but firmly. Continue to fill the hole in layers, gently tamping each layer until the hole is ½ to 2/3 full. Add Bone Meal to the soil mix for additional nutrients.
5. Remove the ties at the top of the basket. Using wire cutters, remove the top half of the basket and the burlap.
6. Moisten the root ball and apply Myke directly to the root ball.
7. Moisten the soil and allow the root ball to settle, then back fill completely and tamp lightly.
8. When applying mulch, ensure that the base of the trunk is not covered.
- Ambient rain is not enough to water your tree.
- Signs that a tree needs water: wilting, followed by browning off or crispy leaves and fall colouring, or in severe cases leaf drop.
- Yellowing leaves can be a sign that a tree has been watered too much.
- To conserve water keeps weeds down and apply 5 -8cm of mulch but do not mulch up to the trunk. Create a well to hold the water over the root ball of the tree.
- Since roots grow where oxygen and water are most available, short and frequent watering will result in the development of a shallow root system. Watering deeply, thoroughly, and only as needed will encourage a deep and healthy root system that be able to withstand environmental stresses.
The following are the amounts of water required by a tree based on the size planted:
Tree Height Water required /week
*30-90cm (<3ft) 10litres (2.5gal.)
*100-200cm (4-7ft) 20 – 35litre (up to 10gal.)
*Larger trees (7ft & taller) 185 – 225litres (up to 60gal)
In our area it is best to stop fertilizing at the end of July, beginning of August. Do not water heavily or fertilize with Nitrogen in the early fall or the plant’s dormancy will be delayed.
Increase watering late fall to provide trees with the water they need to withstand winter winds.
To help protect against sun scald on young trees, use a commercial tree wrap in the fall. Wrap from the base of the tree to the first major branch.
Browning or winter burn of evergreens is another common winter problem. Evergreens need to be watered thoroughly throughout the growing season, lightly in early fall and thoroughly before the ground freezes. Anti-desiccant sprays may help somewhat in preventing water loss from evergreens.
Animals can also do a great deal of damage to plants as winter snows force them to turn to your landscape for food. Installing fencing around the trees, anchored firmly in the soil and extending well above the snow level is the most successful method of control. There are several products available to use as deterrents against animal damage.